How can one diagnose that he/she is obese? The most reliable and widely used method for finding whether a person is obese or overweight is BMI or body mass index. The diagnosis of obesity is as important as investigating your other health problems. So the question “how can we diagnose obesity?” is necessarily required to be answered.
First, in this article, I shall tell you about the (BMI) body mass index. You will come to know how one can measure obesity via BMI? Also, I shall try to explain it in tabular form.
Secondly, in this article, I will try to demonstrate some other methods to diagnose obesity. Therefore, you are advised to go through this article completely and keenly till the end to understand how can we diagnose obesity or what are the different ways to diagnose obesity?
- Body Mass Index Method for diagnosis of obesity
- Methods to measure body fat for diagnosis of obesity
- Skinfold thickness test
- Skinfold thickness
- Screening tests (Ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI scans)
- Seek for Doctor’s advice
- For Diagnosis of Obesity Doctor may:
- Ask about your lifestyle.
- Go through your medication history
- Try to find that whether obesity leads you towards depression
- Recommend certain tests
- Check the Measurement of your waist
- Investigate your Living culture
- Ask for next visit
- For Diagnosis of Obesity Doctor may:
Let’s start with the Body Mass Index (BMI) method for the diagnosis of obesity.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Body mass index (BMI) is calculated by dividing a person’s weight (weight in Kgs) by the square of height (height in meters). BMI is an economical and simple screening method for measuring weights. You can measure whether someone is underweight, normal weight, healthy weight, overweight, or obese.
BMI does not measure fat directly, however, BMI is somewhat helpful in measuring body fat. BMI is also helpful in diagnosing different diseases like metabolic problems etc., as these are directly linked with fat issues.
Below here is given a short table that describes BMI values and weights.
|18.5 – 24.9||Healthy Weight|
|25 – 29.9||Overweight|
BMI Useful but not accurate always
Instead of being a useful method of measurement for people, BMI is not always an accurate method.
BMI Values may vary for different bodies
Sometimes BMI values may be high for a muscular body as muscles add extra kilos in weight. Now, having a muscular body is good for health but BMI value may be high for such bodies. So, in some cases, BMI may not reflect a 100 percent accurate situation. In such cases, measurement of waist area may be a good tool rather than BMI.
BMI Values may vary for people from different cultures
BMI may also vary with your cultural background. The values mentioned above are good for those who have strong ethnic backgrounds, while people representing minorities or belonging to communities with weak cultural backgrounds, these values maybe a little bit lower.
BMI not recommended for children’s assessment
BMI is never recommended for assessing children’s weight as their bodies are developing yet. If you want to check that your child is overweight or obese you need to talk to your child’s physician.
Other than BMI there are some more accurate methods to measure obesity. These measures of body fat are as follows:
methods to measure body fat for diagnosis of obesity
Skinfold thickness test
One of the most reliable, inexpensive, simple, and non-invasive methods of measuring body fat at any stage of life is the (SFT) skinfold thickness test. Through this test, one can know about the thickness of subcutaneous fat at different places of the body. Through this test, one can estimate the distribution of fat to body mass.
By comparing waist measurement with your hip measurement you can assess fat around your waist. The higher ratios will indicate that you have more fats around your waist.
Screening tests (Ultrasound, CT scans, and MRI scans)
For measuring the thickness of subcutaneous fat in the body new technology ultrasounds are very helpful. If precise results are not achieved, then the physician can refer to a CT scan or MRI scan.
It is your physician whom you have to consult regarding obesity.
Seek for Doctor’s advice
If you feel that you are overweight or obese and you need to lose the weight safely, then you have to seek your doctor’s advice. Your doctor will see whether you have any health issues due to this obesity.
For Diagnosis of Obesity Doctor may:
1-ask about your lifestyle.
Your doctor will examine you via different questions. He may ask you about your lifestyle. The doctor may ask about your diet schedule, your exercise routine, or physical activities. The doctor can question certain habits like smoking or drinking alcohol.
2-go through your medication history
The doctor will try to know about your medication history, he will try to find out the reasons for obesity, whether it is the result of any medical problem or side effects of any medicine that you are using.
3-try to find that whether obesity leads you towards depression
The doctor will try to find whether obesity leads you to depression. He will check your motivation level; he will try to find how much are you motivated to lose weight.
The doctor may question your family history, is there any specific disease which is moving in family-like diabetes, etc.,
4-recommend certain tests
Along with calculating your BMI, your doctor may recommend certain tests to find whether there are any problems or complications related to your health due to this obesity.
These tests may be regarding measuring your blood pressure or checking the level of sugar or cholesterol in the blood.
5-check the Measurement of your waist
The doctor may also check the measurement of your waist. As waist, more than 94 CM in men or waist above than 80cm in women normally indicate that person having such high waist values may face obesity or health issues.
6-investigate your Living culture
The doctor may ask about your culture as people belonging to different cultures have different values. Research shows that people belonging to Asian, African, or Caribbean cultures usually have more health issues like high blood pressure or hypertension. The value of healthy waist measurements may also vary for people belonging to different cultural backgrounds.
7-ask for next visit
The doctor may ask for another appointment after completing your assessment for discussing the results in detail. If you have any questions regarding the subject, you must ask the doctor. You should fully explore the treatment options available.
I hope that this article will help you think about your health issues resulting from obesity. Once you diagnose obesity and its causes, you can address the problems related to it and the factors that cause obesity.